The Antofagasta Region is located in the north of Chile, 1,500km from Santiago, bordering Bolivia and Argentina to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. This region is also characterized by a dry and hot climate, being an important part of the Atacama desert, the driest desert on earth. The regional capital is Antofagasta, which is the administrative axis of the region. Other relevant urban centers are the city of Tocopilla and Calama. Antofagasta’s main industrial activities are closely linked to mining, which makes it the city with the highest per capita income in Chile, reaching US $ 37,000. In this region we will find the famous Chuquicamata mine, the largest open pit mine in the world and one of the main sources of copper extraction.
The exceptionally dry climate and cloud-free skies make this region a privileged site for astronomy, being home to one of the most important observatories in the world, the ALMA, which surprises with its 66 antennas.
One of the must-sees if you visit this region is the Andean town of San Pedro de Atacama, a place where time stands still and where the landscapes of another planet welcome you to one of the most magical corners of Chile. Accompanying this landscape is the memory of their ancestral cultures: Atacameñas, Quechuas and Aymara, which have survived the highlands and the extreme of its geography. You can get to Antofagasta by direct flights from Santiago, with an approximate duration of 1: 40hrs, on the main national airlines.