Chile is located along the western coast of the southern cone of South America, between the highest segment of the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. Its shape is unique: it is one of the longest countries in the world, with 4,300 km in length, but simultaneously one of the narrowest, with an average width of only 180 km. It has all kinds of existing climates on the planet.
The official language of Chile is Spanish, and its currency is the Chilean peso. The population is a mixture of Europeans and indigenous people, whose traditions are still perceived in some parts of the country. The literacy rate is 94%, standing out as one of the highest in Latin America. On the other hand, about 90% of Chileans are Catholic, with freedom of worship. Chile has an area of 756,096 km2, which increases by 1,250,000 km2 when the Chilean Antarctic territory is included and a population of approximately 18.7 million inhabitants, mainly distributed in the central zone.
Climate: The unusual north-south extension of Chile, equivalent to crossing Europe from the extreme north of Norway to beyond the extreme south of Spain, gives rise to a great variety of climates. From the desertic northern zone with sunny weather and little rainfall throughout, passing through the central zone where we find Mediterranean landscapes, with valleys and coasts favored by a temperate climate, distinct seasons, dry summers and relatively rainy winters to the southern zone where it predominates a temperate rainy climate that supports vast native forests to the insular Chile with Easter Island and the Juan Fernández Archipelago that have a subtropical climate of pleasant temperatures, moderate humidity and relatively little variation during the year.
Economy: Chile’s economy is the fifth largest economy in Latin America in terms of nominal gross domestic product (GDP). It has the highest per-person income (GDP per capita) in Latin America and belongs to the category of high-income countries according to the World Bank, establishing itself as the most dynamic economy in Latin America. Chile is the world’s largest producer of copper, lithium, and iodine, as well as agricultural products such as fresh grapes, blueberries, plums, and dried apples.
Gastronomy: Gastronomy is essentially based on seafood, which in Chile achieve exceptional quality. Chile is also one of the main producers of quality fruit, which can be enjoyed practically throughout the country. Its grapes, nectarines, apples and other fruits enjoy preference on all continents. Another outstanding item is wine, which wins followers and medals worldwide, being the fourth largest exporter worldwide and winner of multiple awards, highlighting the production of Cabernet Sauvignon.